Pulmonary Transplantation

The first successful lung transplant took place in Toronto, Canada, in 1983. In Brazil, the technique was only used a few years later in 1989. The complexity of this kind of surgery is so great that it was only 30 years after the first organ transplant, which took place in 1954.

The goal of transplantation is to replace the diseased organ with a healthy one and often means the patient’s only chance of survival. However, it is one of the most complex procedures in medicine. Since its introduction in Brazil in 1989, lung transplantation has progressively gained ground in the therapeutic management of terminal pneumopathies, with increasing long-term survival rates.

The results obtained today, in relation to lung transplantation in Brazil, are comparable to those of well-known international centers. The main achievements in the success of this type of transplantation are mainly due to the establishment of criteria for the selection of candidates and the identification of which procedure is most appropriate for each circumstance; to the qualification of operative management, involving donor and recipient, with a significant improvement in the early functional performance of the transplanted organ and the implementation of late postoperative follow-up routines, with earlier recognition and more effective treatment of complications.